High ECG Risk-Scores Predict Late Gadolinium Enhancement on Magnetic Resonance Imaging in HCM in the Young

Anna Wålinder Österberg, Ingegerd Östman-Smith, Robert Jablonowski, Marcus Carlsson, Henrik Green, Cecilia Gunnarsson, Petru Liuba, Eva Fernlund

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


An ECG risk-score has been described that predicts high risk of subsequent cardiac arrest in young patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Myocardial fibrosis measured by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) also affects prognosis. We assessed whether an ECG risk-score could be used as an indicator of myocardial fibrosis or perfusion deficit on CMR in HCM. In total 42 individuals (7–31 years); 26 HCM patients, seven genotype-positive, phenotype-negative individuals at risk of HCM (first-degree relatives) and nine healthy volunteers, underwent CMR to identify, and grade extent of, myocardial fibrosis and perfusion defect. 12-lead ECG was used for calculating the ECG risk-score (grading 0–14p). High-risk ECG (risk-score > 5p) occurred only in the HCM group (9/26), and the proportion was significantly higher vs mutation carriers combined with healthy volunteers (0/16, p = 0.008). Extent of LGE correlated to the ECG-score (R2 = 0.47, p = 0.001) in sarcomeric mutations. In low-risk ECG-score patients (0–2p), median percent of myocardium showing LGE (LGE%LVM) were: 0% [interquartile range, IQR, 0–0%], in intermediate-risk (3–5p): 5.4% [IQR 0–13.5%] and in high-risk (6–14p): 10.9% [IQR 4.2–12.3%]. ECG-score > 2p had a sensitivity and specificity of 79% and 84% to detect positive LGE on CMR and 77% vs. 75% to detect perfusion defects in sarcomeric mutations carriers. In patients with myocardial fibrosis as identified by LGE, median ECG risk-score was 8p [range 3–10p]. In conclusions, ECG risk-score > 2 p could be used as a cut-off for screening of myocardial fibrosis. Thus ECG risk-score is an inexpensive complementary tool in risk stratification of HCM in the young.

Sidor (från-till)492-500
TidskriftPediatric Cardiology
Tidigt onlinedatum2021 jan. 30
StatusPublished - 2021

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Kardiologi
  • Pediatrik


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