High prevalence of neurodevelopmental problems in adolescents eligible for bariatric surgery for severe obesity

Anna Björk, Jovanna Dahlgren, Eva Gronowitz, Fanny Henriksson Wessely, Annika Janson, My Engström, Lovisa Sjögren, Torsten Olbers, Kajsa Järvholm

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

1 Citering (SciVal)

Sammanfattning

Aim: To assess the prevalence of neurodevelopmental problems in adolescents with severe obesity and their associations with binge eating and depression. Methods: Data were collected at inclusion in a randomised study of bariatric surgery in 48 adolescents (73% girls; mean age 15.7 ± 1.0 years; mean body mass index 42.6 ± 5.2 kg/m2). Parents completed questionnaires assessing their adolescents’ symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder and reported earlier diagnoses. Patients answered self-report questionnaires on binge eating and depressive symptoms. Results: The parents of 26/48 adolescents (54%) reported scores above cut-off for symptoms of the targeted disorders in their adolescents, but only 15% reported a diagnosis, 32% of adolescents reported binge eating, and 20% reported symptoms of clinical depression. No significant associations were found between neurodevelopmental problems and binge eating or depressive symptoms. Only a third of the adolescents reported no problems in either area. Conclusion: Two thirds of adolescents seeking surgical weight loss presented with substantial mental health problems (reported by themselves or their parents). This illustrates the importance of a multi-professional approach and the need to screen for and treat mental health disorders in adolescents with obesity.

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)1534-1540
TidskriftActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volym110
Utgåva5
Tidigt onlinedatum2020 dec 15
DOI
StatusPublished - 2021

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Neurologi
  • Pediatrik
  • Psykiatri

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