Highly efficient eco-friendly sodium titanate sorbents of Cs(i), Sr(ii), Co(ii) and Eu(iii): synthesis, characterization and detailed adsorption study

Monika Motlochová, Lórant Szatmáry, Eva Pližingrová, Petra Salačová, Radek Fajgar, Sven Lidin, Jan Šubrt

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

Sammanfattning

Development of useful all-around materials which can quickly and efficiently adsorb radionuclides in response to environmental radioactive contamination is an urgent research objective. In response to this need, our team developed a simple preparation method for stable sodium titanates which can serve as efficient agents for removal of radionuclides from water. With an emphasis on an environmentally friendly synthesis, the resulting materials were defined by a range of means and methods measuring e.g. pH, ionic strength, contact time or metal ion concentration in order to assess their potential for use and applications as sorbents. The data obtained from measurements revealed rapid removal kinetics (up to 10 minutes), wide range of pH use and high equilibrium capacity. The maximum amount of adsorbed ions as calculated from the Langmuir isotherm was equal to 206.3 mg g−1 for Cs(i), 60.0 mg g−1 for Sr(ii), 50.2 mg g−1 for Co(ii) and 103.4 mg g−1 for Eu(iii), significantly exceeding published data obtained with related materials. The removal mechanism is most likely ion exchange followed by complexation reactions, as indicated by TEM/EDS analyses. Given their extraordinary sorption capacity and facile synthesis under mild conditions, these materials are promising candidates for the efficient removal of radionuclides from aqueous solutions during the clean-up of radioactive pollution in the environment.

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)743-754
Antal sidor12
TidskriftRSC Advances
Volym14
Nummer1
DOI
StatusPublished - 2024 jan.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Materialkemi

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