Homologous recombination repair mechanisms in serous endometrial cancer

Jenny Maria Jönsson, Maria Bååth, Ida Björnheden, Irem Durmaz Sahin, Anna Måsbäck, Ingrid Hedenfalk

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


Serous endometrial cancer (SEC) resembles high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) genetically and clinically, with recurrent copy number alterations, TP53 mutations and a poor prognosis. Thus, SEC patients may benefit from targeted treatments used in HGSOC, e.g., PARP inhibitors. However, the preclinical and clinical knowledge about SEC is scarce, and the exact role of defective DNA repair in this tumor subgroup is largely unknown. We aimed to outline the prevalence of homologous recombination repair deficiency (HRD), copy-number alterations, and somatic mutations in SEC. OncoScan SNP arrays were applied to 19 tumors in a consecutive SEC series to calculate HRD scores and explore global copy-number profiles and genomic aberrations. Copy-number signatures were established and targeted sequencing of 27 HRD-associated genes was performed. All factors were examined in relation to HRD scores to investigate potential drivers of the HRD phenotype. Ten of the 19 SEC tumors (53%) had an HRD score > 42, considered to reflect an HRD phenotype. Higher HRD score was associated with loss of heterozygosity in key HRD genes, and copy-number signatures associated with non-BRCA1/2 dependent HRD in HGSOC. A high number of SECs display an HRD phenotype. It remains to be elucidated whether this also confers PARP inhibitor sensitivity.

Antal sidor15
StatusPublished - 2021

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Cancer och onkologi


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