Introduction: The hospitalization rate of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) in a nationwide study is not established. We determined age- and sex-specific hospitalization rates and time trends for hospitalized PSVT in the Swedish population between 1987 and 2010. Methods: This nationwide study is based on the Swedish Hospital Discharge Register. The patients with first PSVT diagnoses between January 1987 and December 2010 were identified. Results: A total of 42,765 individuals with PSVT were diagnosed (mean age 60 years; 44% males). The overall age- and sex-adjusted hospitalization rate was 20 per 100,000 person-years. The hospitalization rate increased with advancing age with highest hospitalization rates in individuals aged 80–84 years (67.12 per 100,000 person-years) and did not change significantly over time. A total of 20,011 (46.8%) patients had “lone” PSVT without any comorbidities. Lone PSVT patients were younger than PSVT patients with comorbidities (mean age 54 vs. 67 years, p =.0002). Conclusions: This study showed a slight preponderance for females and stable hospitalization rate of PSVT over time; the hospitalization rate increased with age. A high proportion of PSVT patients had no comorbidities. They were affected at a younger age than patients with comorbidities, which suggests an inherent predisposition.Key messages This study represents the first extensive and nationwide hospitalization study of PSVT. Hospitalization is highest in old age but a bimodal pattern was observed with a small peak in the first years of life. Patients with lone PSVT are younger than those with comorbidities; which suggests an inherent predisposition.