Background: This study investigated the association of two levels of targeted temperature management (TTM) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with administered doses of sedative and analgesic drugs, serum concentrations, and the effect on time to awakening. Methods: This substudy of the TTM2-trial was conducted at three centers in Sweden, with patients randomized to either hypothermia or normothermia. Deep sedation was mandatory during the 40-hour intervention. Blood samples were collected at the end of TTM and end of protocolized fever prevention (72 hours). Samples were analysed for concentrations of propofol, midazolam, clonidine, dexmedetomidine, morphine, oxycodone, ketamine and esketamine. Cumulative doses of administered sedative and analgesic drugs were recorded. Results: Seventy-one patients were alive at 40 hours and had received the TTM-intervention according to protocol. 33 patients were treated at hypothermia and 38 at normothermia. There were no differences between cumulative doses and concentration and of sedatives/analgesics between the intervention groups at any timepoint. Time until awakening was 53 hours in the hypothermia group compared to 46 hours in the normothermia group (p = 0.09). Conclusion: This study of OHCA patients treated at normothermia versus hypothermia found no significant differences in dosing or concentration of sedatives or analgesic drugs in blood samples drawn at the end of the TTM intervention, or at end of protocolized fever prevention, nor the time to awakening.
|Status||Published - 2023|
- Anestesi och intensivvård