Identification of COL1A1/2 Mutations and Fusions With Noncoding RNA Genes in Bizarre Parosteal Osteochondromatous Proliferation (Nora Lesion)

Yu Chien Kao, Akihiko Yoshida, Tsung Han Hsieh, Karolin H. Nord, Karim H. Saba, Hitoshi Ichikawa, Jen Wei Tsai, Hsuan Ying Huang, Paul Chih-Hsueh Chen, Christopher D.M. Fletcher, Jen Chieh Lee

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Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP) (Nora lesion) is a benign bone surface lesion, which most commonly occurs in the digits of young patients and has a high rate of recurrence. Histologically, it is composed of a mixture of disorganized bone, cartilage, and spindle cells in variable proportions and characterized by amorphous "blue bone" mineralization. Recurrent chromosomal abnormalities, including t(1;17)(q32-42;q21-23) and inv(7)(q21.1-22q31.3-32), have been reported in BPOP. However, the exact genes involved in the rearrangements remain unknown. In this study, we analyzed 8 BPOP cases affecting the fingers, toe, ulna, radius, and fibula of 5 female and 3 male patients, aged 5 to 68 years. RNA sequencing of 5 cases identified genetic fusions between COL1A2 and LINC-PINT in 3 cases and COL1A1::MIR29B2CHG fusion in 1, both validated using fluorescence in situ hybridization and reverse transcription (RT)-PCR. The remaining fusion-negative case harbored 3 COL1A1 mutations as revealed by whole-exome sequencing and confirmed using Sanger sequencing. All these genetic alterations were predicted to cause frameshift and/or truncation of COL1A1/2. The chromosomal locations of COL1A2 (7q21.3), LINC-PINT (7q32.3), COL1A1 (17q21.33), and MIR29B2CHG (1q32.2) were consistent with the breakpoints identified in the previous cytogenetic studies. Subsequent screening of 3 BPOPs using fluorescence in situ hybridization identified 1 additional case each with COL1A1 or COL1A2 rearrangement. Our findings are consistent with reported chromosomal abnormalities and implicate the disruption of type I collagen, and perhaps of either noncoding RNA gene as a tumor suppressor, in the tumorigenesis of BPOP. The prevalence and tumorigenic mechanisms of these COL1A1/2 alterations in BPOP require further investigation.

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Copyright © 2022 United States & Canadian Academy of Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Medicinsk genetik


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