In vivo hepatic flow distribution by computational fluid dynamics can predict pulmonary flow distribution in patients with Fontan circulation

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

Sammanfattning

In Fontan patients, a lung deprived of hepatic blood may develop pulmonary arterio-venous malformations (PAVMs) resulting in shunting, reduced pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and decreased oxygenation. To provide guidance for corrective invasive interventions, we aimed to non-invasively determine how the hepatic to pulmonary blood flow balance correlates with pulmonary flow, PVR, and with oxygen saturation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data from eighteen Fontan patients (eight females, age 3–14 years) was used to construct patient-specific computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models to calculate the hepatic to pulmonary blood flow. This was correlated with pulmonary vein flow, simulated PVR and oxygen saturation. Clinical applicability of the findings was demonstrated with an interventional patient case. The hepatic to pulmonary blood flow balance correlated with right/left pulmonary vein flow (R2 = 0.50), left/right simulated PVR (R2 = 0.47), and oxygen saturation at rest (R2 = 0.56). In the interventional patient, CFD predictions agreed with post-interventional MRI measurements and with regressions in the cohort. The balance of hepatic blood to the lungs has a continuous effect on PVR and oxygen saturation, even without PAVM diagnosis. MRI combined with CFD may help in planning of surgical and interventional designs affecting the hepatic to pulmonary blood flow balance in Fontan patients.

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer18206
TidskriftScientific Reports
Volym13
Nummer1
DOI
StatusPublished - 2023 dec.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Kardiologi

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