BACKGROUND: Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is a rare but potentially life-threatening disease, and estimates suggest a gradual increase in the incidence during the last decades. The primary aim of this study was to report the incidence, trend and aetiology of PLA during a decade in Southern Sweden.
METHODS: This was a population-based observational cohort study between 2011 and 2020 in Skåne, Southern Sweden. Data were retrieved from the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare for all individuals diagnosed with liver abscess (K750) according to ICD-10 (International Statistical Classification of Diseases, 10th revision).
RESULTS: A total of 456 episodes of PLA occurred in 364 patients during the study period. The median age of the first PLA episode was 71 years (range 3-97) and 57% (n = 206) were men. The mean incidence of all patients was 3.4/100,000 person-years (range 1.8-5.2). The incidence increased almost three times, from 1.8/100,000 person-years in 2011 to 5.2/100,000 person-years in 2020. Streptococcus species, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella species accounted for the vast majority of both mono- and polymicrobial findings in both blood and local abscess cultures. 16s rDNA added information about aetiology in 37% of episodes.
CONCLUSION: The incidence of PLA increased during the study period, and Streptococcus spp., Klebsiella spp. and E. coli dominated both blood and local cultures. Despite antimicrobial therapy, pathogens could be found in local abscess cultures several weeks into treatment. Increased use of 16s rDNA in the management of PLA could be beneficial.
|Status||Published - 2023 mars 21|