Inducible nitric oxide synthase expression is increased in the alveolar compartment of asthmatic patients

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


Introduction: Increased exhaled nitric oxide (NO) levels in asthma are suggested to be through inducible NO synthase (iNOS). The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of iNOS in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells and tissue from central and peripheral airways and compare it with the exhaled bronchial and alveolar NO levels in patients with asthma vs a control group. Methods: Thirty-two patients with asthma (defined as controlled or uncontrolled according to Asthma Control Test score cut-off: 20) and eight healthy controls were included. Exhaled NO was measured, and alveolar concentration and bronchial flux were calculated. iNOS was measured in central and peripheral lung biopsies, as well as BAL cells. Bronchoalveolar lavage macrophages were stimulated in vitro, and iNOS expression and NO production were investigated. Results: Expression of iNOS was increased in central airway tissue and the alveolar compartment in uncontrolled as compared to controlled asthmatics and healthy controls. There were no differences, however, in iNOS mRNA levels in total BAL cells in uncontrolled as compared to controlled asthma. Bronchoalveolar lavage cell mRNA levels of iNOS or iNOS expression in central and alveolar tissue did not relate to alveolar NO, nor to bronchial flux of NO. In vitro stimulation with leukotriene D4 increased iNOS mRNA levels and NO production in cultured BAL macrophages. Conclusion: The levels of both bronchial and alveolar iNOS are increased in uncontrolled as compared to controlled asthma. However, levels of iNOS in BAL macrophages were not reflected by alveolar NO. Both central and distal iNOS levels may reflect responsiveness to steroid treatment.

Sidor (från-till)627-635
TidskriftAllergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Tidigt onlinedatum2016
StatusPublished - 2017

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Lungmedicin och allergi


Utforska forskningsämnen för ”Inducible nitric oxide synthase expression is increased in the alveolar compartment of asthmatic patients”. Tillsammans bildar de ett unikt fingeravtryck.

Citera det här