Induction of Breast Cancer Cell Apoptosis by TRAIL and Smac Mimetics: Involvement of RIP1 and cFLIP

Christian Holmgren, Ellen Sunström Thörnberg, Victoria Granqvist, Christer Larsson

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


Smac mimetics are a group of compounds able to facilitate cell death in cancer cells. TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a death receptor ligand currently explored in combination with Smac mimetics. The molecular mechanisms determining if the combination treatment results in apoptosis are however not fully understood. In this study, we aimed to shed light on these mechanisms in breast cancer cells. Three breast cancer cell lines, MDA-MB-468, CAMA-1 and MCF-7, were used to evaluate the effects of Smac mimetic LCL-161 and TRAIL using cell death assays and Western blot. The combination treatment induces apoptosis and caspase-8 cleavage in MDA-MB-468 and CAMA-1 but not in MCF-7 cells and downregulation of caspase-8 blocked apoptosis. Downregulation, but not kinase inhibition, of receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) suppressed apoptosis in CAMA-1. Apoptosis is preceded by association of RIP1 with caspase-8. Downregulating cellular FLICE-like inhibitory protein (c-FLIP) resulted in increased caspase cleavage and some induction of apoptosis by TRAIL and LCL-161 in MCF-7. In CAMA-1, c-FLIP depletion potentiated TRAIL-induced caspase cleavage and LCL-161 did not increase it further. Our results lend further support to a model where LCL-161 enables the formation of a complex including RIP1 and caspase-8 and circumvents c-FLIP-mediated inhibition of caspase activation.

Sidor (från-till)4803-4821
Antal sidor19
TidskriftCurrent Issues in Molecular Biology
StatusPublished - 2022

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Cancer och onkologi


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