New stricter regulations on lead (Pb) content in brass for use in certain applications is driving the industry from traditional leaded brass towards Pb-free alloys. However, machining induced surface integrity for such Pb-free alloys and related corrosion resistance are largely unknown. Two Pb-free brass alloys, CuZn38As and CuZn21Si3P, approved for use in drinking water applications, were machined under different cutting conditions, tool geometries and tool wear states. The resulting surface integrity and sub-surface deformation was characterized using nano-indentation, scanning electron (SEM) and ion microscopy, and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). The materials resistance to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) was assessed by exposing the machined samples to a corrosive substance in accordance with SIS 117102. The results show that tool wear is the most influencing parameter leading to stronger sub-surface deformation. This was especially pronounced for alloy CuZn38As, where for equivalent depth of deformation, the material exhibited higher degree of work-hardening compared to the other tested alloy. Subsequently, substantial stress corrosion cracking was registered for machined CuZn38As samples.
|Tidskrift||International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology|
|Status||Published - 2022 okt.|
Bibliografisk informationFunding Information:
Open access funding provided by Lund University. This work was funded by the national strategic innovation program—national action for Metallic Materials, organized by Vinnova and Jernkontoret (Sweden) under the Optibrass project (ID 2019–02933) and the Sustainable Production Initiative (SPI), a collaboration between Lund University and Chalmers Institute of Technology.
© 2022, The Author(s).