Interactions between conducting surfaces in salt solutions

Samuel Stenberg, Clifford E. Woodward, Jan Forsman

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


In this work, we simulate interactions between two perfectly conducting surfaces, immersed in a salt solution. We demonstrate that these forces are quantitatively different from those between (equally charged) non-conducting surfaces. There is, for instance, a significant repulsion between net neutral surfaces. On the other hand, there are also qualitative similarities, with behaviours found with non-conducting surfaces. For instance, there is a non-monotonic dependence of the free energy barrier height, on the salt concentration, and the minimum essentially coincides with a flat profile of the apparent surface charge density (i.e. the effective net surface charge density, some distance away from the surface, when accounting for ion neutralization), outside the so-called Stern layer. These conditions can be described as "perfect surface charge neutralization". Despite observed quantitative differences, we demonstrate that it might be possible to mimic a dispersion containing charged colloidal metal particles by a simpler model system with charged non-conducting particles, using modified particle-ion interactions. This journal is

Sidor (från-till)1636-1643
Antal sidor8
TidskriftSoft Matter
StatusPublished - 2022 feb. 28

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

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