Interactions in Aqueous Mixtures of Cationic Hydroxyethyl Cellulose and Different Anionic Bile Salts

Julia Jianwei Tan, Natalie Gjerde, Alessandra Del Giudice, Kenneth D. Knudsen, Luciano Galantini, Guanqun Du, Karin Schillén, Sverre Arne Sande, Bo Nyström

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


It is known that the reduction of blood cholesterol can be accomplished through foods containing a large number of dietary fibers; this process is partially related to the binding of bile salt to fibers. To gain new insights into the interactions between dietary fibers and bile salts, this study investigates the interactions between cationic hydroxyethyl cellulose (catHEC) and sodium deoxycholate (NaDC) or sodium cholate (NaC), which have a similar structure. Turbidity measurements reveal strong interactions between catHEC and NaDC, and under some conditions, macroscopic phase separation occurs. In contrast, the interactions with NaC are weak. At a catHEC concentration of 2 wt %, incipient phase separation is approached at concentrations of NaC and NaDC of 32.5 and 19.3 mM, respectively. The rheological results show strong interactions and a prominent viscosification effect for the catHEC/NaDC system but only moderate interactions for the catHEC/NaC system. Both cryogenic transmission electron microscopy and small-angle X-ray scattering results display fundamental structural differences between the two systems, which may explain the stronger interactions in the presence of NaDC. The surmise is that the extended structures formed in the presence of NaDC can easily form connections and entanglements in the network.

Sidor (från-till)3732–3741
Antal sidor10
TidskriftJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
StatusPublished - 2023

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© 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.

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