Background: Secondary hyperparathyroidism and altered levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) are associated with vascular events in chronic kidney disease. After renal transplantation, this association is not clear. Pre-transplant parathyroidectomy (PTX) is common, but post-transplant data are scarce. We aimed to study the effect of PTH at the time of transplantation on risk of post-transplant vascular events in renal transplant recipients with and without pre-transplant PTX. Methods: 258 patients from two Swedish transplant units were followed for 6 years. Separate analyses were made for patients with or without pre-transplant PTX. Patients with no pre-transplant PTX were stratified by quartiles of PTH at time of transplantation and patients with pre-transplant PTX were stratified by above and below median levels of PTH at time of transplantation. Hazard ratios for vascular events, mortality, and graft failure were calculated in adjusted Cox regression models. Results: In patients with no pre-transplant PTX, the lowest quartile of PTH at transplantation had a higher risk of cardiovascular events compared to quartile 3 with an adjusted hazard ratio (95% CI) of 2.63 (1.04–6.67). In patients with pre-transplant PTX, the group below median of PTH had a higher risk of cardiovascular events with an adjusted hazard ratio (95% CI) of 18.15 (1.62–203.82) compared to patients above median of PTH. Conclusion: Low levels of parathyroid hormone before transplantation were associated with increased risk of post-transplant vascular events both in patients with and without pre-transplant parathyroidectomy. Any conclusions on causal or direct effect of PTH on outcome cannot be drawn from this observational study.
- Urologi och njurmedicin