Therapeutic strategies directed at the tumor surfaceome (TS), including checkpoint inhibitor blocking antibodies, antibody drug conjugates (ADCs), and chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cells, provide a new armament to fight cancer. However, a remaining bottleneck is the lack of strategies to comprehensively interrogate patient tumors for potential TS targets. Here, we have developed a platform (tumor surfaceome mapping [TS-MAP]) integrated with a newly curated TS classifier (SURFME) that allows profiling of primary 3D cultures and intact patient glioma tumors with preserved tissue architecture. Moreover, TS-MAP specifically identifies proteins capable of endocytosis as tractable targets for ADCs and other modalities requiring toxic payload internalization. In high-grade gliomas that remain among the most aggressive forms of cancer, we show that cellular spatial organization (2D vs. 3D) fundamentally transforms the surfaceome and endocytome (e.g., integrins, proteoglycans, semaphorins, and cancer stem cell markers) with general implications for target screening approaches, as exemplified by an ADC targeting EGFR. The TS-MAP platform was further applied to profile the surfaceome and endocytome landscape in a cohort of freshly resected gliomas. We found a highly diverse TS repertoire between patient tumors, not directly associated with grade and histology, which highlights the need for individualized approaches. Our data provide additional layers of understanding fundamental to the future development of immunotherapy strategies, as well as procedures for proteomics-based target identification and selection. The TS-MAP platform should be widely applicable in efforts aiming at a better understanding of how to harness the TS for personalized immunotherapy.

Sidor (från-till)1-11
TidskriftProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
StatusPublished - 2022 mars 1

Bibliografisk information

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© 2022 National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Cancer och onkologi


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