Late leakage after anterior resection: a defunctioning stoma alters the clinical course of anastomotic leakage

H. Jutesten, J. Draus, J. Frey, G. Neovius, G. Lindmark, P. Buchwald, M. L. Lydrup

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

6 Citeringar (SciVal)


Aim: Anastomotic leakage (AL) is common after anterior resection (AR). Long term clinical outcomes of AL including late presenting leakage (LL) are not well studied. This study was undertaken to assess clinical features of LL with respect to incidence, association with predisposing factors and need for re-intervention. Methods: The Swedish Colorectal Cancer Registry (SCRCR) was explored for AL cases after AR for rectal cancer in patients operated in the south of Sweden from 1 January 2001 to 31 December 2011. Demographic data, surgical technical details, number of postoperative days (POD) until diagnosis of AL, presenting symptoms, methods of diagnosis and treatment were retrieved from medical records. LL was defined according to different cut-offs as leakages occurring after hospital discharge (LLAHD), after 30 POD (LL ≥ POD 30) and after 90 POD (LL ≥ POD 90). Results: In total, 1442 patients were operated on with AR of whom 144 cases of AL (10%) were identified. Median time from operation to follow-up was 87 months (range 21–162). LLAHD, LL ≥ POD 30 and LL ≥ POD 90 were present in 51%, 24% and 9% respectively. All categories of LL were associated with a defunctioning stoma. Relaparotomy was significantly less often employed in LLAHD, but not in other categories of LL. Conclusion: LL constitutes a substantial portion of all AL after AR for rectal cancer. The large proportion of LLAHD calls for awareness in the outpatient setting.

Sidor (från-till)150-159
Antal sidor10
TidskriftColorectal Disease
StatusPublished - 2018 feb 2

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Kirurgi
  • Gastroenterologi


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