Organic lead halide perovskite (OLHP) nanocrystals (NCs) have paved the way to advanced optoelectronic devices through their extraordinary electrical and optical properties. However, understanding of the light-induced complex dynamic phenomena in OLHP NCs remains a subject of debate. Here we used wide field microscopy and time-resolved spectroscopy to correlate the local changes in photophysics and the dynamical behavior of photocarriers. We demonstrate that light-induced brightening of the photoluminescence from the formamidinium lead bromide NC films is related to the film preparation condition and reduction of trap density. The density of trap states is reduced via halide ion migration from interstitial position. Our femtosecond transient absorption study identifies transient Stark effect due to the generation of hot carriers. Because of slow carrier trapping, Auger recombination through many-body carrier-carrier interactions dominates over trion recombination. This work presents unprecedented insights into the light-driven processes enabling better device design in the future.
- Den kondenserade materiens fysik