Light-Matter Interaction and Quantum Computing in Rare-Earth-Ion-Doped Crystals

Forskningsoutput: AvhandlingDoktorsavhandling (sammanläggning)

1015 Nedladdningar (Pure)


In this thesis, crystals of yttrium orthosilicate (Y2SiO5) that are randomly doped with another rare-earth element, such as praseodymium (Pr), europium (Eu), or cerium (Ce), are investigated with lasers locked to ultra-stable cavities using the Pound-Drever-Hall locking technique.

Many of these rare-earth elements have long-lived 4f-4f transitions, hundreds of microseconds to a few milliseconds, with even longer ground hyperfine lifetimes of up to several days. The coherence properties are, to the best of the author's knowledge, the longest achieved for any material, currently with a record of six hours for the nuclear spin states of Eu3+:Y2SiO5 measured at cryogenic temperatures. Furthermore, due to natural trapping and differences in the local environments, each dopant ion experiences a slightly different crystal field, and thus an inhomogeneity in the 4f-4f transition exists between all ions in a crystal. Since the homogeneous linewidth is in the order of kHz or below, whereas the inhomogeneous profile can be several GHz wide, these materials have dense storing capabilities.

This thesis explores how light interacts with such rare-earth-ion-doped crystals; how the absorption and light polarization varies during propagation; how spectral features in the inhomogeneous absorption profile can be tailored to create narrowband spectral filters; how the speed of light is slowed down significantly in such narrow transmission windows; and how that can be used to either frequency shift incoming light, control its group velocity, or temporally compress pulses.

It also uses rare-earth-ions to research quantum computing, the field of using quantum mechanical effects such as superpositions and entanglements to outperform classical computers on certain specific problems. This is done by examining how two-color pulses can be used to rapidly induce coherence from an initially mixed state; how qubit-qubit interactions can be performed experimentally using ensemble qubits, which opens the door to two-qubit experiments such as the CNOT-gate and entanglements; how a scalable quantum computer might be constructed using a single ion qubit approach with a dedicated readout ion and buffer ion(s) to improve readout fidelity; and how cerium is investigated as a candidate for such a dedicated readout ion.
Tilldelande institution
  • Atomfysik
  • Kröll, Stefan, handledare
  • Walther, Andreas, handledare
  • Samuelsson, Peter, handledare
Tilldelningsdatum2018 mars 2
ISBN (tryckt)978-91-7753-543-0
ISBN (elektroniskt)978-91-7753-544-7
StatusPublished - 2018 feb. 5

Bibliografisk information

Defence details
Date: 2018-03-02
Time: 09:15
Place: Lecture hall Rydbergsalen, Fysicum, Professorsgatan 1, Lund University, Faculty of Engineering LTH.
External reviewer(s)
Name: Thiel, Charles W.
Title: Dr
Affiliation: Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, USA

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Atom- och molekylfysik och optik


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