LL-37 and Double-Stranded RNA Synergistically Upregulate Bronchial Epithelial TLR3 Involving Enhanced Import of Double-Stranded RNA and Downstream TLR3 Signaling

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

Sammanfattning

The human host defense peptide LL-37 influences double-stranded RNA signaling, but this process is not well understood. Here, we investigate synergistic actions of LL-37 and synthetic double-stranded RNA (poly I:C) on toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) expression and signaling, and examine underlying mechanisms. In bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells, LL-37 potentiated poly I:C-induced TLR3 mRNA and protein expression demonstrated by qPCR and Western blot, respectively. Interestingly, these effects were associated with increased uptake of rhodamine-tagged poly I:C visualized by immunocytochemistry. The LL-37/poly I:C-induced upregulation of TLR3 mRNA expression was prevented by the endosomal acidification inhibitor chloroquine, indicating involvement of downstream TLR3 signaling. The glucocorticoid dexamethasone reduced LL-37/poly I:C-induced TLR3 expression on both mRNA and protein levels, and this effect was associated with increased IκBα protein expression, suggesting that dexamethasone acts via attenuation of NF-κB activity. We conclude that LL-37 potentiates poly I:C-induced upregulation of TLR3 through a mechanism that may involve enhanced import of poly I:C and that LL-37/poly I:C-induced TLR3 expression is associated with downstream TLR3 signaling and sensitive to inhibition of NF-κB activity.

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer492
TidskriftBiomedicines
Volym10
Nummer2
DOI
StatusPublished - 2022

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Immunologi inom det medicinska området
  • Lungmedicin och allergi

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