Longitudinal trajectories of cognitive decline and cerebral blood flow abnormalities in octogenarian men with normal global cognition

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Aims: Cognitive and perfusion changes have been previously observed in older men with Mini Mental State Examination scores>24 points. We aimed to investigate time change in cognitive domains in a cohort of non-demented men between age 68 and 82, and how they are expressed in regional defects estimated by Cerebral Blood Flow (rCBF). Methods: 103 men at age 81 with MMSE scores >24 (mean 28.4 ± 1.7), no dementia or stroke, were examined with the same cognitive test battery at age 68 and age 81: Synonyms (SRB-1), Block design (SRB-3), Paired Associates, Digit Symbol Substitution and Benton Visual Retention test. rCBF was estimated using 99mTc-HMPAO SPECT at age 82. Results: Between ages 68 and 82 we observed a relative decline (Δ%) of cognitive test scores: SRB-3 and Benton tests, -33.7 % (SD 16,8) and -25.8 % (SD 23.9) respectively, followed by Digit Symbol test: -22,6 % (SD 15,6). The cluster of men (46 %) could be detected, grouped on the largest test score decline and highest overall test predictors’ importance in decreasing order: Δ% SRB-3, Δ% Paired Associates, Δ% Digit Symbol, Δ% Benton VR and Δ% SRB-1. Compared to the cluster with stable cognitive functions, it expressed lower rCBF in frontal and parietal lobes, and in subcortical areas. Conclusion: Nearly half of the studied, community-dwelling cohort of non-demented, octogenarian men with MMSE > 24, had a combination of decreasing visuospatial ability and episodic memory during preceding years, expressed by widespread rCBF changes in fronto-subcortical areas.

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer100220
TidskriftCerebral Circulation - Cognition and Behavior
Volym6
DOI
StatusPublished - 2024 jan.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Geriatrik

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