Low-grade inflammation in persons with recently diagnosed type 2 diabetes: The role of abdominal adiposity and putative mediators

Sidsel L. Domazet, Thomas B. Olesen, Jacob V. Stidsen, Camilla K. Svensson, Jens S. Nielsen, Reimar W. Thomsen, Niels Jessen, Peter Vestergaard, Mette K. Andersen, Torben Hansen, Charlotte Brøns, Verena H. Jensen, Allan A. Vaag, Michael H. Olsen, Kurt Højlund

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


Aims: To determine the magnitude of the association between abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation in persons with recently diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2D) and to determine to what extent this association is mediated by low physical activity level, hyperinsulinaemia, hyperglycaemia, dyslipidaemia, hypertension, and comorbidities. Materials and Methods: We measured waist circumference, clinical characteristics, and inflammatory markers i.e. tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), in >9000 persons with recently diagnosed T2D. We applied multiple mediation analysis using structural equation modelling, with adjustment for age and sex. Results: Waist circumference as a proxy for abdominal adiposity was positively associated with all inflammatory markers. Hence, a one-standard deviation (SD) increase in waist circumference (SD = 15 cm) was associated with a 22%, 35%, and 46% SD increase in TNF-α (SD = 1.5 pg/mL), IL-6 (SD = 4.4 pg/mL), and hsCRP (SD = 6.9 mg/L), respectively. The level of hyperinsulinaemia assessed by fasting C-peptide was quantitatively the most important mediator, accounting for 9%–25% of the association between abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation, followed by low physical activity (5%–7%) and high triglyceride levels (2%–6%). Although mediation of adiposity-induced inflammation by greater comorbidity and higher glycated haemoglobin levels reached statistical significance, their impact was minor (1%–2%). Conclusions: In persons with recently diagnosed T2D, there was a clear association between abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation. A considerable part (20%–40%) of this association was mediated by other factors, with hyperinsulinaemia as a potentially important driver of adiposity-induced inflammation in T2D.

TidskriftDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2024

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Endokrinologi och diabetes

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