Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer globally. Early detection is important for reducing the morbidity and mortality of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of different machine learning models to classify malignant or benign lesions on breast ultrasound images. Three different convolutional neural network approaches were implemented: (a) Simple convolutional neural network, (b) transfer learning using pre-trained InceptionV3, ResNet50V2, VGG19 and Xception and (c) deep feature networks based on combinations of the four transfer networks in (b). The data consisted of two breast ultrasound image data sets: (1) an open, single-vendor, data set collected by Cairo University at Baheya Hospital, Egypt, consisting of 437 benign lesions and 210 malignant lesions, where 10% was set to be a test set and the rest was used for training and validation (development) and (2) An in-house, multi-vendor data set collected at Unilabs Mammography Unit, Skåne University Hospital, Sweden, consisting of 13 benign lesions and 265 malignant lesions, was used as an external test set. Both test sets were used for evaluating the networks. The performance measures used were area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity and weighted accuracy. Holdout, i.e. the splitting of the development data into training and validation data sets just once, was used to find a model with as good performance as possible. 10-fold cross-validation was also performed to provide uncertainty estimates. For the transfer networks which were obtained with holdout, Gradient-weighted Class Activation Mapping was used to generate heat maps indicating which part of the image contributed to the network’s decision. For 10-fold cross-validation it was possible to achieve a mean AUC of 92% and mean sensitivity of 95% for the transfer network based on Xception when testing on the first data set. When testing on the second data set it was possible to obtain a mean AUC of 75% and mean sensitivity of 86% for the combination of ResNet50V2 and Xception.
Titel på värdpublikationMedical Imaging 2022
Undertitel på värdpublikationComputer-Aided Diagnosis
Antal sidor11
ISBN (elektroniskt) 9781510649422
StatusPublished - 2022 apr. 4
EvenemangSPIE Medical Imaging 2022: : Physics of Medical Imaging - San Diego, USA
Varaktighet: 2022 feb. 202022 mars 28


KonferensSPIE Medical Imaging 2022:
OrtSan Diego

Bibliografisk information

© (2022) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Matematik
  • Medicinsk bildbehandling


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