Mammographic tumour appearance may provide prognostic useful information. For example, spiculation indicates invasiveness, but also better survival compared to tumours with other appearances. We aimed to study the relationship between mammographic tumour appearance and established clinicopathological factors, including surrogate molecular breast cancer subtypes, in the large Malmö Diet and Cancer Study. A total of 1116 women with invasive breast cancer, diagnosed between 1991 and 2014, were included. Mammographic tumour appearance in relation to status for oestrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, histological grade, Ki67 and molecular subtype was analysed using various regression models. All models were adjusted for relevant confounders, including breast density, which can affect mammographic appearance. The results consistently showed that spiculated tumours are indicative of favourable characteristics, as they are more likely to be ER and PR positive, and more often exhibit lower histological grade and lower Ki67 expression. Furthermore, spiculated tumours tend to be of luminal A-like subtype, which is associated with a good prognosis. The establishment of associations between mammographic tumour appearance and clinicopathological factors may aid in characterizing breast cancer at an earlier stage. This could contribute to more individualized breast cancer treatment in the future.
- Cancer och onkologi
- Radiologi och bildbehandling