Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is expected to be a vital component in future 5G systems. As such, there is a need for new modeling in order to investigate the performance of massive MIMO not only at the physical layer, but also higher up the networking stack. In this paper, we present general optimization models for massive MIMO, based on mixed-integer programming and compatible sets, with both maximum ratio combing and zero forcing precoding schemes. We then apply our models to the case of joint device scheduling and power control for heterogeneous devices and traffic demands, in contrast to existing power control schemes that consider only homogeneous users and saturated scenarios. Our results show substantial benefits in terms of energy usage can be achieved without sacrificing throughput, and that both signalling overhead and the complexity of end devices can be reduced by abrogating the need for uplink power control through efficient scheduling.
|Sidor (från-till)||2794 - 2812|
|Tidskrift||IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications|
|Status||Published - 2019|
- Annan elektroteknik och elektronik