Molecular characterization of a galactomannan extracted from Tara (Caesalpinia spinosa) seeds

Gabriela Ibieta, Atma-Sol Bustos, Jimena Ortiz-Sempértegui, Javier A. Linares-Pastén, J. Mauricio Peñarrieta

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

Sammanfattning

Tara gum (TG) is a polysaccharide extracted from the seeds of a South American tree called Tara (Caesalpinia spinosa). TG is a galactomannan with many applications in the food industry, mainly as an emulsifier and stabilizer agent. In addition, it is also used in the paper and cosmetic industries. In the present study, we performed a molecular characterization based on chemical composition and physicochemical properties to understand the properties behind TG applications. TG was extracted and purified from Tara seeds distributed in different ecoregions of Bolivia. The monosaccharide composition analysis was determined by high-performance anion-exchange chromatography/pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD). At the same time, their molecular characteristics, such as molar mass, root-mean-square radius, hydrodynamic radius, conformation, and densities, were studied by asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation coupled to multi-angle light scattering refractive index (AF4-MALS-dRI), also the specific refractive index increment (dn/dc) was determined for the first time using AF4 for TG. The results revealed that the gum samples are galactomannans composed of mannose (Man) and galactose (Gal) in a ratio of 3.37 (Man/Gal), with an average molar mass range from 2.460 × 107 to 3.699 × 107 Da, distributed in a single population. The root-mean-square radius range from 260.4 to 281.6 nm, and dn/dc is 0.1454. The Kratky plots based on 14 scattering angles indicated that the conformation of all samples corresponds to random coil monodisperse, while their gyration radius/hydrodynamic radius ratio (ρ) is high. All these results suggest that the chains have a low branched density, consistent with the Gal/Man composition. To the best of our knowledge, we report for the first time an integrated physicochemical study of TG relevant to developing emulsifier and stabilizer formulations.
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer21893
Antal sidor11
TidskriftScientific Reports
Volym13
DOI
StatusPublished - 2023 dec. 11

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Analytisk kemi
  • Polymerteknologi

Fingeravtryck

Utforska forskningsämnen för ”Molecular characterization of a galactomannan extracted from Tara (Caesalpinia spinosa) seeds”. Tillsammans bildar de ett unikt fingeravtryck.

Citera det här