Nationwide paediatric cohort study of a protective association between allergy and complicated appendicitis

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BACKGROUND: In a nationwide cohort the potentially protective association between allergy and complicated appendicitis was analysed, and the influence of seasonal antigens, antihistamine treatment, and timing of allergy onset assessed.

METHODS: Some 1 112 571 children born between 2000 and 2010 were followed from birth until the end of 2014. A cross-sectional analysis of appendicitis cases, with comparison of allergic versus non-allergic children for absolute risk and odds of complicated appendicitis was first undertaken. This was followed by a longitudinal analysis of children with allergy and matched controls who had never had an allergy, for incidence rate and hazard of subsequent complicated or simple appendicitis.

RESULTS: Of all children, 20.4 per cent developed allergy and 0.6 per cent had appendicitis during follow-up. Among children with appendicitis, complicated appendicitis was more common among non-allergic children (18.9 per cent, 948 of 5016) than allergic children (12.8 per cent, 173 of 1351) (P < 0.001), and allergic children had a lower adjusted odds of complicated appendicitis (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.80, 95 per cent c.i. 0.67 to 0.96; P = 0.021). The risk of complicated appendicitis among children with manifest allergy was reduced by one-third in the longitudinal analysis (incidence rate 0.13 versus 0.20 per 1000 person-years; hazard ratio (HR) 0.68, 95 per cent c.i. 0.58 to 0.81; P < 0.001), whereas the risk of simple appendicitis remained unchanged (incidence rate 0.91 versus 0.91; HR 1.00, 0.94 to 1.07; P = 0.932). Seasonal antigen exposure was a protective factor (adjusted OR 0.82, 0.71 to 0.94; P = 0.004) and ongoing antihistamine medication a risk factor (adjusted OR 2.28, 1.21 to 4.28; P = 0.012).

CONCLUSION: Children with allergy have a lower risk of complicated appendicitis, but the same overall risk of simple appendicitis. Seasonal antigen exposure reduced, and antihistamine treatment increased, the risk of complicated disease.

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummerznab326.
Sidor (från-till)1491-1497
TidskriftThe British journal of surgery
Volym108
Utgåva12
Tidigt onlinedatum2021 okt 24
DOI
StatusPublished - 2021

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© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of BJS Society Ltd.

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