Naturally processed T cell epitopes from human glutamic acid decarboxylase identified using mice transgenic for the type 1 diabetes- associated human MHC class II allele, DRB1*0401

Linda S. Wicker, Shiow Ling Chen, Gerald T. Nepom, John F. Elliott, Daniel C. Freed, Alka Bansal, Song Zheng, Andrew Herman, Åke Lernmark, Dennis M. Zaller, Laurence B. Peterson, Jonathan B. Rothbard, Richard Cummings, Phyllis J. Whiteley

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

125 Citeringar (SciVal)

Sammanfattning

The identification of class II binding peptide epitopes from autoimmune disease-related antigens is an essential step in the development of antigen- specific immune modulation therapy. In the case of type 1 diabetes, T cell and B cell reactivity to the autoantigen glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) is associated with disease development in humans and in nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice. In this study, we identify two DRB1*0401-restricted T cell epitopes from human GAD65, 274-286, and 115-127. Both peptides are immunogenic in transgenic mice expressing functional DRB1*0401 MHC class II molecules but not in nontransgenic littermates. Processing of GAD65 by antigen presenting cells (APC) resulted in the formation of DRB1*0401 complexes loaded with either the 274-286 or 115-127 epitopes, suggesting that these naturally derived epitopes may be displayed on APC recruited into pancreatic islets. The presentation of these two T cell epitopes in the islets of DRB1*0401 individuals who are at risk for type 1 diabetes may allow for antigen-specific recruitment of regulatory cells to the islets following peptide immunization.

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)2597-2603
TidskriftJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volym98
Utgåva11
DOI
StatusPublished - 1996 dec 1
Externt publiceradJa

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Endokrinologi och diabetes

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