Neutron-skin effect in direct-photon and charged-hadron production in Pb+Pb collisions at the LHC

Ilkka Helenius, Hannu Paukkunen, Kari J. Eskola

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Sammanfattning

A well-established observation in nuclear physics is that in neutron-rich spherical nuclei the distribution of neutrons extends farther than the distribution of protons. In this work, we scrutinize the influence of this so called neutron-skin effect on the centrality dependence of high-pT direct-photon and charged-hadron production. We find that due to the estimated spatial dependence of the nuclear parton distribution functions, it will be demanding to unambiguously expose the neutron-skin effect with direct photons. However, when taking a ratio between the cross sections for negatively and positively charged high-pT hadrons, even centrality-dependent nuclear-PDF effects cancel, making this observable a better handle on the neutron skin. Up to 10% effects can be expected for the most peripheral collisions in the measurable region.

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer148
TidskriftEuropean Physical Journal C
Volym77
Utgåva3
DOI
StatusPublished - 2017 mars 1

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