Introduction: Allergic asthmatics with both an early (EAR) and a late allergic reaction (LAR) following allergen exposure are termed ‘dual responders’ (DR), while ‘single responders’ (SR) only have an EAR. Mechanisms that differentiate DR from SR are largely unknown, particularly regarding the role and phenotypes of neutrophils. Therefore, we aimed to study neutrophils in DR and SR asthmatics. Methods: Thirty-four allergic asthmatics underwent an inhaled allergen challenge, samples were collected before and up to 24 h post-challenge. Cell differentials were counted from bronchial lavage, alveolar lavage and blood; and tissue neutrophils were quantified in immune-stained bronchial biopsies. Lavage neutrophil nuclei lobe segmentation was used to classify active (1–4 lobes) from suppressive neutrophils (≥5 lobes). Levels of transmigration markers: soluble (s)CD62L and interleukin-1Ra, and activity markers: neutrophil elastase (NE), DNA-histone complex and dsDNA were measured in lavage fluid and plasma. Results: Compared with SR at baseline, DR had more neutrophils in their bronchial airways at baseline, both in the lavage (p =.0031) and biopsies (p =.026) and elevated bronchial neutrophils correlated with less antitransmigratory IL-1Ra levels (r = −0.64). DR airways had less suppressive neutrophils and more 3-lobed (active) neutrophils (p =.029) that correlated with more bronchial lavage histone (p =.020) and more plasma NE (p =.0016). Post-challenge, DR released neutrophil extracellular trap factors in the blood earlier and had less pro-transmigratory sCD62L during the late phase (p =.0076) than in SR. Conclusion: DR have a more active airway neutrophil phenotype at baseline and a distinct neutrophil response to allergen challenge that may contribute to the development of an LAR. Therefore, neutrophil activity should be considered during targeted diagnosis and bio-therapeutic development for DR.

Sidor (från-till)65-77
TidskriftClinical and Experimental Allergy
Tidigt onlinedatum2022
StatusPublished - 2023

Bibliografisk information

Funding Information:
This work was supported by independent grants from the Swedish Asthma and Allergy Association’s Research Foundation, Crafoord Foundation, Swedish Heart and Lung Foundation and Alfred Österlund Foundation. The authors would like to thank the staff at the Lung and Allergy Research Unit, Skåne University Hospital, for clinical assistance and collection of data and Carl‐Magnus Clausson for IHC assistance.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Clinical & Experimental Allergy published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Lungmedicin och allergi


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