New insight into myocardin regulation and function in smooth muscle cells

Li Liu

Forskningsoutput: AvhandlingDoktorsavhandling (sammanläggning)

Sammanfattning

Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are constituents of hollow inner organs. Their contractile function governs essential physiological functions, such as breathing, eating, blood pressure control, urination, and childbirth. Skeletal and cardiac muscle cells are terminally differentiated cell types, but SMCs are highly plastic and change their phenotype in disease. Cues presented by the microenvironment and altered biomechanics result in phenotypic conversions of SMCs. In the classical paradigm, SMCs are considered to switch from a contractile phenotype to a synthetic phenotype in response to changes in the microenvironment. Myocardin and two closely related transcription factors (MRTF-A and MRTF-B) play an important role in controlling SMC phenotype, and myocardin is essential for differentiation of SMCs during development. MRTFs form a ternary complex with serum response factor (SRF) on so called CArG boxes located in promoters and introns of thousands of genes. This thesis aims to provide new insights into the transcriptional regulation of and by myocardin-related transcription factors in SMCs.
In my first study, I identified a previously undescribed transcriptional target of the MRTFs, namely the muscarinic M3 receptor, CHRM3. CHRM3 was activated by all MRTFs, but it was particularly forcefully regulated by MRTF-B. Knockout of SRF resulted in reduced CHRM3 expression in the urinary bladder and in the intestinal tract. In another study, I show that MRTFs cause cell type-dependent suppression of inflammation. This occurs partly through RelA titration and inhibition of NF-κB signaling. Hence, phenotypic modulation of SMCs involves toggling between contractile and inflammatory phenotypes, in addition to the classical switching between contractile and synthetic phenotypes. In a third study, I demonstrate that myocardin controls exon usage and splicing in SMCs and that this is mediated in part by RBPMS and RBFOX2. Among the splicing targets is myocardin itself, which may allow for slow and splicing-dependent SMC maturation. Finally, by studying mice with conditional and SMC-specific knockout of YAP and TAZ, I demonstrate reduction of myocardin expression in the urinary bladder. This has consequences for contractile differentiation, expression of muscarinic receptors, gene splicing, and contractility of bladder SMCs.
In summary, new insight into transcriptional regulation of and by MRTFs in SMCs is provided by the papers in this thesis. This insight has stimulated ideas for treating disease and reducing side effects of available therapies.
Originalspråkengelska
KvalifikationDoktor
Tilldelande institution
  • Institutionen för experimentell medicinsk vetenskap
Handledare
  • Swärd, Karl, handledare
  • Rippe, Catarina, Biträdande handledare
  • Albinsson, Sebastian, Biträdande handledare
  • Uvelius, Bengt, Biträdande handledare
Tilldelningsdatum2023 sep. 28
UtgivningsortLund
Förlag
ISBN (tryckt)978-91-8021-447-6
StatusPublished - 2023

Bibliografisk information

Defence details
Date: 2023-09-28
Time: 09:15
Place: Segerfalksalen, BMC A10, Sölvegatan 17 i Lund
External reviewer(s)
Name: Falsig Pedersen, Stine Helene
Title: professor
Affiliation: Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Fysiologi

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