Context: Glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) and meal ingestion increase subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) perfusion in healthy individuals. The effects of GIP and a meal on visceral adipose tissue (VAT) perfusion are unclear. Objective: Our aim was to investigate the effects of meal and GIP on VAT and SAT perfusion in obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) before and after bariatric surgery. Methods: We recruited 10 obese individuals with T2DM scheduled for bariatric surgery and 10 control individuals. Participants were studied under 2 stimulations: meal ingestion and GIP infusion. SAT and VAT perfusion was measured using 15O-H2O positron emission tomography-magnetic resonance imaging at 3 time points: baseline, 20 minutes, and 50 minutes after the start of stimulation. Obese individuals were studied before and after bariatric surgery. Results: Before bariatric surgery the responses of SAT perfusion to meal (P = .04) and GIP-infusion (P = .002) were blunted in the obese participants compared to controls. VAT perfusion response did not differ between obese and control individuals after a meal or GIP infusion. After bariatric surgery SAT perfusion response to a meal was similar to that of controls. SAT perfusion response to GIP administration remained lower in the operated-on than control participants. There was no change in VAT perfusion response after bariatric surgery. Conclusion: The vasodilating effects of GIP and meal are blunted in SAT but not in VAT in obese individuals with T2DM. Bariatric surgery improves the effects of a meal on SAT perfusion, but not the effects of GIP. Postprandial increase in SAT perfusion after bariatric surgery seems to be regulated in a GIP-independent manner.
- Endokrinologi och diabetes