BACKGROUND: Contact allergy to the mint-tasting flavour carvone has been observed in patients with oral lichenoid lesions (OLL). Mint-flavoured products such as toothpaste frequently contain carvone. Snuff is a smokeless tobacco product that is chewed or placed in the mouth rather than smoked. In Sweden, the use of snuff and its flavoured versions is extremely common.
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the consumption of mint-flavoured snuff is associated with contact allergy to carvone and subsequently plays a role in the aetiology of OLL.
METHODS: Regarding the two patients, patch testing with snuff pouches was performed. High-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis were used for identification of carvone in different snuff samples.
RESULTS: Two patients with OLL were contacted allergic to carvone when patch tested. Both were using mint-flavoured snuffs several hours a day for many years. One patient was contacted allergic to the snuff pouch tested as is. Carvone was detected in the snuff samples of both patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The patients were recommended to avoid the use of mint-flavoured snuffs, toothpaste and foodstuffs. At follow-up 3 months later, the patients had a dramatic clinical improvement of the OLL and oral symptoms. Exposure to mint-flavoured snuffs can be overlooked as a possible aggravating/provoking factor in OLL.
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- Miljömedicin och yrkesmedicin