BACKGROUND:: Microvascular injury and epithelial barrier dysfunction are rate-limiting aspects in radiation enteropathy. This study examined the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) signalling in radiation-induced colitis in an experimental model. METHODS:: The p38 MAPK inhibitor SB239063 was administered to mice immediately before exposure to 20 Gy radiation. Leucocyte- and platelet-endothelium interactions in the colonic microcirculation were assessed by intravital microscopy. Levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and CXC chemokines (macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP) 2 and cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (KC)), and albumin leakage were quantified 16 h after irradiation. RESULTS:: Irradiation induced an increase in leucocyte and platelet recruitment, MPO activity, CXC chemokine levels and intestinal leakage. Inhibition of p38 MAPK by SB239063 decreased radiation-induced leucocyte and platelet recruitment (leucocyte rolling and adhesion by 70 and 90 per cent, both P < 0.001; that of platelets by 70 and 74 per cent, both P < 0.001). It also reduced radiation-provoked increases in colonic MPO activity by 88 per cent (P < 0.001), formation of MIP-2 and KC by 72 and 74 per cent respectively (P = 0.003 and P < 0.001), and intestinal leakage by 81 per cent (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION:: p38 MAPK is an important signalling pathway in radiation-induced colitis. Copyright (c) 2009 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Emergency medicine/Medicine/Surgery (013240200), Surgery Research Unit (013242220)