Purpose: The purpose of the study was to assess patient-related outcomes at short-term follow-up in patients with a proximal tibial fracture. Methods: One hundred sixteen patients (119 fractures) treated at our institution during 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Follow-up was 1.6 (SD ± 0.4) years post-injury, including the short musculoskeletal function assessment and visual analog scale for pain and satisfaction. Fractures were classified by the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen/Orthopaedic Trauma Association classification and divided in two groups: simple and complex. Results: Patients with simple fractures reported lower short musculoskeletal function assessment indices and less pain on visual analog scale than those with complex fractures. No difference was found in short musculoskeletal function assessment between surgically and non-surgically treated patients. Non-surgically treated patients reported less pain and were more satisfied. The overall complication rate was 30 (25%) of 119 fractures, with surgical treatment carrying a 7.0 (95% CI: 1.5–34) odds ratio for local complications. Conclusions: This study provides information about realistic prognosis after proximal tibial fractures. The finding that surgically treated patients had similar outcomes to non-surgically treated ones may indicate that surgery improves the prognosis of complex fractures to a level comparable to the prognosis of less severe ones. However, the risk of complications after surgery should guide treatment when surgery is not clearly indicated.