Persons’ experiences of having hypertension – an interview study

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Sammanfattning

Background
among the 1–1.5 billion persons with hypertension globally only, 20–30% have controlled blood pressure (BP). The most important problem identified is non-adherence to treatment, i.e., failure to change lifestyle and to take prescribed medication. Knowledge about the reasons for this is limited.

Objectives
The aim of the study was to explore people's experiences of having hypertension.

Design
Inductive design based on qualitative interviews.

Settings
The south of Sweden.

Participants
Twelve adults diagnosed with hypertension and treated in primary care were interviewed.

Methods
The transcribed interviews were analysed using content analysis, which rendered three categories.

Results
The individuals adapted to their diagnosis in different ways. Collaboration with the staff gave security, but the persons still perceived anxiety and uncertainty.

Conclusions
To meet the needs of people with hypertension, strategies such as person-centred counselling and care, using digital interventions, following national guidelines and starting nurse-led clinics, may be of help. These strategies can give a foundation for increased self-efficacy, which is crucial for persons to be able to change lifestyle and adhere to prescribed medication in order to achieve BP control.
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer100071
TidskriftInternational Journal of Nursing Studies Advances
Volym4
DOI
StatusPublished - 2022

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Kardiologi
  • Hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation, hälsopolitik och hälsoekonomi
  • Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

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