The effect of two isoforms of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), PDGF-AA and PDGF-BB, was tested on dissociated cell cultures of ventral mesencephalon from rat and human embryos. PDGF-BB but not PDGF-AA reduced the progressive loss of tyrosine hydroxylase- (TH)-positive neurons in rat and human cell cultures. The mean number of TH-positive cells in the PDGF-BB-treated rat culture was 64% and 106% higher than in the control cultures after 7 and 10 days in vitro, respectively. Corresponding figures for human TH-positive neurons were 90% and 145%. The influence of PDGF-BB was specific for TH-positive neurons and not a general trophic effect, since no change of either total cell number or metabolic activity was found. In PDGF-BB-treated cultures of human but not rat tissue the TH-positive neurons had longer neurites than observed in control or PDGF-AA-treated cultures. These data indicate that PDGF-BB may act as a trophic factor for mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons and suggest that administration of PDGF-BB could ameliorate degeneration and possibly promote axonal sprouting of these neurons in vivo.
Bibliografisk informationThe information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Neurology, Lund (013027000), Molecular Psychiatry Unit (013024100), Neuronal Survival (013212041)