Poly(arylene alkylene)s functionalized with perfluorosulfonic acid groups as proton exchange membranes for vanadium redox flow batteries

Amirreza Khataee, Hannes Nederstedt, Patric Jannasch, Rakel Wreland Lindström

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

Sammanfattning

With the aim to develop vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) membranes beyond state of the art, we have in the present work functionalized poly(p-terphenylene)s with highly acidic perfluorosulfonic groups and investigated their performance as proton exchange membranes (PEMs). Consequently, two poly(p-terphenylene alkylene)s tethered with perfluoroalkylsulfonic acid and perfluorophenylsulfonic acid, respectively, were synthesized through superacid-mediated polyhydroxyalkylations and cast into PEMs. Compared with Nafion 212, the PEM carrying perfluorophenylsulfonic acid groups (PTPF-Phenyl-SA) was found to exhibited higher ionic conductivity and eight times lower vanadium (IV) permeation rate. The latter explains the longer self-discharge duration of the VRFB based on the PTPF-Phenyl-SA. In addition, the VRFB assembled with the PTPF-Phenyl-SA PEM exhibited a high average coulombic efficiency of 99.6% for over 100 cycles with a capacity fade of 0.24% per cycle, which was 50% lower than when Nafion 212 was used. More importantly, an excellent capacity retention was achieved through electrochemical rate performance experiments at different current densities.
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer121390
Antal sidor11
TidskriftJournal of Membrane Science
Volym671
DOI
StatusPublished - 2023

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Energisystem
  • Polymerteknologi
  • Polymerkemi
  • Materialkemi
  • Analytisk kemi

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