Sammanfattning

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) can accurately measure left ventricular (LV) mass, and several measures related to LV wall thickness exist. We hypothesized that prognosis can be used to select an optimal measure of wall thickness for characterizing LV hypertrophy. Subjects having undergone CMR were studied (cardiac patients, n = 2543; healthy volunteers, n = 100). A new measure, global wall thickness (GT, GTI if indexed to body surface area) was accurately calculated from LV mass and end-diastolic volume. Among patients with follow-up (n = 1575, median follow-up 5.4 years), the most predictive measure of death or hospitalization for heart failure was LV mass index (LVMI) (hazard ratio (HR)[95% confidence interval] 1.16[1.12-1.20], p < 0.001), followed by GTI (HR 1.14[1.09-1.19], p < 0.001). Among patients with normal findings (n = 326, median follow-up 5.8 years), the most predictive measure was GT (HR 1.62[1.35-1.94], p < 0.001). GT and LVMI could characterize patients as having a normal LV mass and wall thickness, concentric remodeling, concentric hypertrophy, or eccentric hypertrophy, and the three abnormal groups had worse prognosis than the normal group (p < 0.05 for all). LV mass is highly prognostic when mass is elevated, but GT is easily and accurately calculated, and adds value and discrimination amongst those with normal LV mass (early disease).

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer22806
TidskriftScientific Reports
Volym13
Nummer1
DOI
StatusPublished - 2023 dec. 20

Bibliografisk information

© 2023. The Author(s).

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Kardiologi

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