Proteogenomics of non-small cell lung cancer reveals molecular subtypes associated with specific therapeutic targets and immune-evasion mechanisms

Janne Lehtiö, Taner Arslan, Ioannis Siavelis, Yanbo Pan, Fabio Socciarelli, Olena Berkovska, Husen M. Umer, Georgios Mermelekas, Mohammad Pirmoradian, Mats Jönsson, Hans Brunnström, Odd Terje Brustugun, Krishna Pinganksha Purohit, Richard Cunningham, Hassan Foroughi Asl, Sofi Isaksson, Elsa Arbajian, Mattias Aine, Anna Karlsson, Marija KotevskaCarsten Gram Hansen, Vilde Drageset Haakensen, Åslaug Helland, David Tamborero, Henrik J. Johansson, Rui M. Branca, Maria Planck, Johan Staaf, Lukas M. Orre

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

1 Citering (SciVal)

Sammanfattning

Despite major advancements in lung cancer treatment, long-term survival is still rare and a deeper understanding of molecular phenotypes would allow the identification of specific cancer dependencies and immune-evasion mechanisms. Here we performed in-depth mass-spectrometry-based proteogenomic analysis of 141 tumors representing all major histologies of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We identified six distinct proteome subtypes with striking differences in immune cell composition and subtype-specific expression of immune checkpoints. Unexpectedly, high neoantigen burden was linked to global hypomethylation and complex neoantigens mapped to genomic regions, such as endogenous retroviral elements and introns, in immune-cold subtypes. Further, we linked immune evasion with LAG-3 via STK11 mutation-dependent HNF1A activation and FGL1 expression. Finally, we develop a data-independent acquisition mass-spectrometry-based NSCLC subtype classification method, validate it in an independent cohort of 208 NSCLC cases and demonstrate its clinical utility by analyzing an additional cohort of 84 late-stage NSCLC biopsy samples.

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)1224-1242
Antal sidor19
TidskriftNature Cancer
Volym2
Utgåva11
DOI
StatusPublished - 2021 nov.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Cancer och onkologi

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