BACKGROUND: People with psychiatric disability have been found to have a poorer quality of life (QOL) compared to the general population, and QOL is an important outcome from psychosocial rehabilitation. AIMS: This study aimed at comparing users of two approaches to psychosocial rehabilitation in Sweden, community-based mental health day centres (DCs) and clubhouses, regarding QOL. A further aim was to investigate predictors of QOL. METHODS: People regularly attending DCs (n = 128) or clubhouses (n = 57) completed questionnaires at baseline and a 9-month follow-up about socio-demographics, QOL, self-esteem, social network, satisfaction with daily occupations, satisfaction with services and the unit's organisation. RESULTS: Quality of life remained stable over time in both groups. QOL at follow-up was associated with baseline self-esteem, social network, satisfaction with daily occupations and QOL at baseline. The strongest indicator of a higher QOL at follow-up was attending a clubhouse programme followed by having scored high on QOL at baseline. CONCLUSION: Both approaches were suited for supporting their users in maintaining QOL. Visiting clubhouses seems, however, advantageous for QOL in a longer-term perspective. Although this study contributed some new knowledge, research should further address which circumstances are associated with maintaining stability in QOL.
- Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi