Phagocytosis is relevant for many research fields and is often measured as a functional outcome. However, accurate quantification can be challenging, and many researchers find it difficult to study in a robust manner. There are many ways to measure phagocytosis, but what is often overlooked is the importance of experimental design and how the analysis is planned and performed. Experimental factors like reaction volume, time, and phagocyte-prey concentrations often have a large impact on the outcome, as is the choice of detection strategy with different fluorescent or colorimetric labels of prey and phagocyte. By using dose-response curve principles for both experimental design and analysis, it is possible to increase the sensitivity and robustness, leading to accurate quantification of phagocytosis that is comparable across experiments and systems.Here, we describe how to quantify phagocytosis using flow cytometry with a robust, high-throughput, and easy-to-use approach. The prey is first fluorescently double stained, followed by optional opsonization before being introduced to the phagocyte in a wide range of ratios. After incubation, data is acquired through flow cytometry. It can be assessed on both the population and single-cell level of the phagocytes, separating adhesion and internalization. As an example, we provide an experimental protocol for studying phagocytosis of opsonized Streptococcus pyogenes using the THP-1 cell line. This approach is easily incorporated into most existing phagocytosis assays and allows for reproducible results with high sensitivity.

Titel på värdpublikationBacterial Pathogenesis
Undertitel på värdpublikationMethods and Protocols
RedaktörerPontus Nordenfelt, Mattias Collin
UtgivningsortNew York
Antal sidor14
StatusPublished - 2023


NamnMethods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)
ISSN (tryckt)1940-6029

Bibliografisk information

© 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Infektionsmedicin
  • Mikrobiologi


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