Due to its low emission and high energy density, iron powder has been proposed as a promising recyclable metal fuel for a future low-carbon society. The comprehensive understanding of combustion behavior of iron particles is crucial for studying fundamental mechanisms, developing suitable combustion technologies, and designing efficient iron powder combustor. In this work, iron particles are combusted in a modified Bunsen burner with a stable metal powder supplying system. As a versatile three-dimensional (3D) imaging technique, high-speed digital in-line holography (DIH) is employed to reconstruct the 3D particle field and simultaneously quantify the size, 3D location and velocity of burning iron particles. The statistical results of three cases with oxygen volume fraction varying from 24% to 40% are obtained and compared at different heights above the burner. Along the height, some typical features of the burning iron particles were observed. The violent combustion of iron particles accelerates the ejection of the particles radially outward from the central region of the flame, resulting in non-uniform spatial distribution of the particles and reducing the particle number density in the measurement volume. Such trend is enhanced with increased oxygen concentration. Besides, the observed particle size enlarged as the height increases, which validates the swelling phenomenon of iron particle oxidation. The results demonstrate that DIH is a powerful tool for in-situ, quantitative characterization of particle dynamics in flames.
|Tidskrift||Combustion and Flame|
|Status||Published - 2021 aug|