Quantitative interaction effects of carbon dioxide, sodium chloride, and sodium nitrite on neurotoxin gene expression in nonproteolytic Clostridium botulinum type B.

Maria Lövenklev, Ingrid Artin, Oskar Hagberg, Elisabeth Borch, Elisabet Holst, Peter Rådström

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

39 Citeringar (SciVal)
176 Nedladdningar (Pure)

Sammanfattning

The effects of carbon dioxide, sodium chloride, and sodium nitrite on type B botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT/B) gene (cntB) expression in nonproteolytic Clostridium botulinum were investigated in a tryptone-peptone-yeast extract (TPY) medium. Various concentrations of these selected food preservatives were studied by using a complete factorial design in order to quantitatively study interaction effects, as well as main effects, on the following responses: lag phase duration (LPD), growth rate, relative cntB expression, and extracellular BoNT/B production. Multiple linear regression was used to set up six statistical models to quantify and predict these responses. All combinations of NaCl and NaNO2 in the growth medium resulted in a prolonged lag phase duration and in a reduction in the specific growth rate. In contrast, the relative BoNT/B gene expression was unchanged, as determined by the cntB-specific quantitative reverse transcription-PCR method. This was confirmed when we measured the extracellular BoNT/B concentration by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. CO2 was found to have a major effect on gene expression when the cntB mRNA levels were monitored in the mid-exponential, late exponential, and late stationary growth phases. The expression of cntB relative to the expression of the 16S rRNA gene was stimulated by an elevated CO2 concentration; the cntB mRNA level was fivefold greater in a 70% CO2 atmosphere than in a 10% CO2 atmosphere. These findings were also confirmed when we analyzed the extracellular BoNT/B concentration; we found that the concentrations were 27 ng · ml–1 · unit of optical density–1 in the 10% CO2 atmosphere and 126 ng · ml–1 · unit of optical density–1 in the 70% CO2 atmosphere.
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)2928-2934
TidskriftApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volym70
Utgåva5
DOI
StatusPublished - 2004

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området

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