Queen of Queens: The Virgin Mary in an anonymous Cistercian sermon collection from early thirteenth-century Sweden

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The first Cistercian monastery in medieval Sweden was Alvastra, founded in 1143. Its library is almost completely lost, only three manuscripts remain. One of these, ms. C 37 in Uppsala University Library, contains a collection of 32 complete and three incomplete sermons.
The writing in the sermon collection belongs to the first half of the thirteenth century. No direct source has been found. It is a partially ordered collection, running from the Second Sunday of Advent to the Fourth Sunday after Easter, with some displacements. The language is Latin, stylistically good but with many minor errors of spelling and grammar. The impression is of a clean copy that the author never had the opportunity to correct. In terms of contents, the sermons belong in the monastic tradition but seem to be meant for lay people – the emphasis is on doctrine and morals, not prayer and contemplation.
What do the sermons teach about the Virgin Mary? As Mother of Jesus she is a source of all the good that he has bestowed on humankind. As a virgin she is pure and perfect. Her obedience is an example to be imitated. She was a source of knowledge about Jesus for Apostles and Evangelists. Her name means ”star of the sea” or illuminatrix. She is an image of the Church. That she shared in the sufferings of Christ is mentioned but not strongly emphasized. She is extolled as an image of Paradise and a source of mercy. Last but not least, she is closer to God than any other person and therefore a powerful intercessor.
StatusPublished - 2019
EvenemangMedieval monks, nuns and monastic life: 21st biennial symposium of the International Medieval Sermon Studies Society - Bristol, Storbritannien
Varaktighet: 2018 jul 152018 jul 20
Konferensnummer: 21


KonferensMedieval monks, nuns and monastic life
Förkortad titelIMSSS

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Historia
  • Religionsvetenskap


  • Predikan
  • Jungfru Maria
  • Cicterciensorden
  • Alvastra kloster
  • Medeltiden


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