Regional Patterns of Economic Development: A Typology of French Departments during the Industrialization

Faustine Perrin, Mickael Benaim

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1 Citering (SciVal)

Sammanfattning

The purpose of this chapter is to describe and explain regional patterns of economic development as revealed by data on about 70 variables for France in the middle of the 19th century. The development process occurred at different speed across space. The process turned out to be specific and varied across French counties. The characteristics can be classified in a three part taxonomy based on counties specificities: (1) productive structure; (2) urban-uneducated versus rural-educated structure; and (3) marital structure. Most prosperous counties are characterized by a dynamic industry, gender equality, high education, fertility control within marriage, and low fertility rates. Backward counties are heavily dependent on agriculture and present gender inequalities, a poorly educated population, control of nuptiality, and high fertility rates. The findings resulting from this analysis have implications for our understanding on the origins and consequences of the development process (output growth, human capital accumulation, fertility transition). It contributes to: (i) explain the trajectories followed by the French regions; (ii) disentangle the reasons behind the emergence of strengths or the persistence of weaknesses; and (iii) to explain the variations in the timing and pace to reaching sustained economic growth.
Originalspråkengelska
Titel på värdpublikationCliometrics of the Family
Undertitel på värdpublikationStudies in Economic History
Kapitel9
Sidor197-235
Antal sidor38
ISBN (elektroniskt)978-3-319-99480-2
DOI
StatusPublished - 2019

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Ekonomisk historia

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