Regulation of the eicosanoid pathway by tumour necrosis factor alpha and leukotriene D(4) in intestinal epithelial cells.

Yulyana Yudina, Ladan Parhamifar, Astrid Bengtsson, Maria Juhas, Anita Sjölander

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

Sammanfattning

In this study the mRNA and protein levels of the key enzymes involved in eicosanoid biosynthesis and the cysteinyl leukotriene receptors (CysLT(1)R and CysLT(2)R) have been analysed in non-transformed intestinal epithelial and colon cancer cell lines. Our results revealed that tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and leukotriene D(4) (LTD(4)), which are inflammatory mediators implicated in carcinogenesis, stimulated an increase of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), in non-transformed epithelial cells, and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) in both non-transformed and cancer cell lines. Furthermore, these mediators also stimulated an up-regulation of LTC(4) synthase in cancer cells as well as non-transformed cells. We also observed an endogenous production of CysLTs in these cells. TNF-alpha and LTD(4), to a lesser extent, up-regulate the CysLT(1)R levels. Interestingly, TNF-alpha also reduced CysLT(2)R expression in cancer cells. Our results demonstrate that inflammatory mediators can cause intestinal epithelial cells to up-regulate the expression of enzymes needed for the biosynthesis of eicosanoids, including the cysteinyl leukotrienes, as well as the signal transducing proteins, the CysLT receptors, thus providing important mechanisms for both maintaining inflammation and for tumour progression.
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)223-231
TidskriftProstaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids
Volym79
Nummer6
DOI
StatusPublished - 2008

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Cancer och onkologi

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