Self-compassion and professional quality of life among midwives and nurse assistants: A cross-sectional study

Karin Ängeby, Christine Rubertsson, Ingegerd Hildingsson, Malin Edqvist

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

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INTRODUCTION Self-compassion and satisfaction derived from helping others is part of healthcare providers’ professional quality of life. The aim of this study was to explore and psychometrically test two instruments measuring self-compassion and professional quality of life among midwives and nurse assistants. METHODS This was a cross-sectional study with midwives and nurse assistants working with intrapartum care at five different labor wards in Sweden. The Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) and the modified Professional Quality of Life Measurement (ProQOL) were validated and correlation analyses were calculated between the different subscales. Descriptive statistics, t-test, were calculated to analyze associations between the subscales of the SCS, the ProQOL and the background variables. RESULTS Midwives were more self-critical than nurse assistants, and the midwives who were negative towards the new clinical practice scored higher for compassion fatigue. The principal component analysis showed a two-factor solution for both the SCS and the modified ProQOL. The two SCS subscales were named ‘self-criticism’ (α=0.85) and ‘selfkindness’ (α=0.87). The two ProQOL subscales were named ‘compassion satisfaction’ (α=0.83) and ‘compassion fatigue’ (α=0.78). A negative correlation was found between self-kindness and compassion fatigue subscales, between compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue, and between self-kindness and self-criticism. CONCLUSIONS The SCS and modified ProQOL are considered as valid questionnaires for use in a Swedish maternity setting and a correlation between the scales was found. Midwives are more self-critical than nurse assistants. Understanding and identifying compassion fatigue among midwives is important to managers responsible for quality improvement and practice changes.

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer47
TidskriftEuropean Journal of Midwifery
Volym6
NummerJuly
DOI
StatusPublished - 2022

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

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