Background: Tumor-related hyperintensities in high b-value diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) are radiologically important in the workup of gliomas. However, the white matter may also appear as hyperintense, which may conflate interpretation.

Purpose: To investigate whether DWI with spherical b-tensor encoding (STE) can be used to suppress white matter and enhance the conspicuity of glioma hyperintensities unrelated to white matter.

Materials and Methods: Twenty-five patients with a glioma tumor and at least one pathology-related hyperintensity on DWI underwent conventional MRI at 3 T. The DWI was performed both with linear and spherical tensor encoding (LTE-DWI and STE-DWI). The LTE-DWI here refers to the DWI obtained with conventional diffusion encoding and averaged across diffusion-encoding directions. Retrospectively, the differences in contrast between LTE-DWI and STE-DWI, obtained at a b-value of 2,000 s/mm2, were evaluated by comparing hyperintensities and contralateral normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) both visually and quantitatively in terms of the signal intensity ratio (SIR) and contrast-to-noise ratio efficiency (CNReff).

Results: The spherical tensor encoding DWI was more effective than LTE-DWI at suppressing signals from white matter and improved conspicuity of pathology-related hyperintensities. The median SIR improved in all cases and on average by 28%. The median (interquartile range) SIR was 1.9 (1.6 - 2.1) for STE and 1.4 (1.3 - 1.7) for LTE, with a significant difference of 0.4 (0.3 -0.5) (p < 10-4, paired U-test). In 40% of the patients, the SIR was above 2 for STE-DWI, but with LTE-DWI, the SIR was below 2 for all patients. The CNReff of STE-DWI was significantly higher than of LTE-DWI: 2.5 (2 - 3.5) vs. 2.3 (1.7 - 3.1), with a significant difference of 0.4 (-0.1 -0.6) (p < 10-3, paired U-test). The STE improved CNReff in 70% of the cases. We illustrate the benefits of STE-DWI in three patients, where STE-DWI may facilitate an improved radiological description of tumor-related hyperintensity, including one case that could have been missed out if only LTE-DWI was inspected.

Conclusion: The contrast mechanism of high b-value STE-DWI results in a stronger suppression of white matter than conventional LTE-DWI, and may, therefore, be more sensitive and specific for assessment of glioma tumors and DWI-hyperintensities.

TidskriftFrontiers in Neuroscience
StatusPublished - 2022

Bibliografisk information

Copyright © 2022 Brabec, Durmo, Szczepankiewicz, Brynolfsson, Lampinen, Rydelius, Knutsson, Westin, Sundgren and Nilsson.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Annan fysik
  • Radiologi och bildbehandling


Utforska forskningsämnen för ”Separating Glioma Hyperintensities From White Matter by Diffusion-Weighted Imaging With Spherical Tensor Encoding”. Tillsammans bildar de ett unikt fingeravtryck.

Citera det här