Leukocyte accumulation is a rate-limiting step in inflammatory lung injury. The aim of this study was to define the role of CD11a/CD18 and CD11b/CD18 in sepsis-induced leukocyte rolling and adhesion in lung arterioles, capillaries and venules in male C57BL/6 mice using intravital fluorescence microscopy. Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) markedly increased leukocyte rolling in arterioles and venules but not in capillaries in the lung. Immunoneutralization of CD11a, but not CD11b, decreased CLP-provoked leukocyte rolling in lung arterioles. Inhibition of CD11a or CD11b abolished CLP-induced arteriolar and venular leukocyte adhesion. Immunoneutralization of CD11a and CD11b reduced sepsis-induced leukocyte sequestration in pulmonary capillaries. Moreover, blocking CD11a or CD11b function improved microvascular blood flow in the lung of CLP animals. Considered together, our novel findings show that CD11a and CD11b mediate leukocyte adhesion in both arterioles and venules as well as trapping in capillaries in the lung. In addition, our data demonstrate that CD11a but not CD11b supports leukocyte rolling in pulmonary arterioles. Thus, these findings elucidate the molecular mechanisms behind leukocyte-endothelium interactions in the lung during systemic inflammation.
- Farmakologi och toxikologi